5 things to know about the Zika virus
#Cosmoread: In parts of the US due to the outbreak of the mosquito-borne virus Zika virus called microcephaly, a neurological birth defect potential relationship has raised international concern.
In response to the outbreak, two doctors writing today in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (Feb. 8) The things that people have the virus, Aedes mosquitoes, which must be aware of some of the group is performed by a short list is drawn up – mainly the Aedes aegypti specificall.
“The mosquito population is highly dependent on the spread of the virus – Aedes aegypti in fact, we know that it really is distributed through large swaths of the US,” Dr. Derek McFadden, one of the authors of the article and an infectious disease physician at the University health network in Toronto, said in a podcast posted on the magazine’s website.
“So the key here is a great potential for the spread of the virus, and we have already seen a number of countries that have been involved with the” MacFadden said.
In fact, the World Health Organization estimates that worldwide 3000000-4000000 people will contract the virus this year.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 20 countries and areas where mosquitoes carry the virus are active, Brazil, Mexico, Puerto Rico and the US Virgin Islands, including pregnant women, have warned against travel to.
Zika virus, according to the new article here about five important things to know are:
1. Zika virus infection usually no symptoms or mild symptoms in most people, either because of
Zika is a tropical disease is usually quite mild. In fact, only about 1 in 5 people who are infected with Zika virus, according to the CDC, any signs of infection appear. People who become ill with fever, rash, joint and muscle pain, and conjunctivitis (pink eye), including the nonspecific symptoms, which tend to subside within a week maybe.
In addition to the possible link in babies with microcephaly, Zika report possible infections such as Guillain-Barre syndrome in adults has been associated with increased risk of neurological disorders. People with Guillain-Barre syndrome, the body’s immune system attacks part of the nervous system. The symptoms are muscle weakest, tingling sensations and paralysis in severe cases can include.
2. Zika virus is transmitted through the bite of infected Aedes mosquitoes.
People mainly mosquitoes- infected by the bite of the particular contract Zika virus, Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. Aedes mosquitoes are found globally in tropical and subtropical regions, Zika is the main cause of the rapid spread.
These mosquitoes transmit dengue and Chikungunya viruses. They breed in water-filled containers and ponds, and are especially active during the morning and evening. They become infected when they bite an infected person’s blood, including the virus, and then pass the virus on when they bite another person talking.
3. People traveling to affected areas should protect themselves from mosquito bites.
Getting the biggest risk factors for Zika mosquitoes proximity, active in areas where outbreaks such as long-sleeved shirts and long pants, protective clothing, wear to the traveling public. Insect DEET (diethyltoluamide) or Picaridin also Picaridin, also known as mosquito nets containing repellants, it should be used, the report shows.
Up-to-date in the countries and regions where Zika virus transmission is ongoing, as well as a pilot information, can be found on the CDC website.
4. Zika is no specific treatment for the virus.
However, a blood test used to diagnose the Zika virus infection can be, there is no current treatment for the disease. Sick people who take medicines such as acetaminophen to reduce fever and pain associated with the infection can.
5. Zika virus infection in pregnant women may be linked to birth defects.
However, according to the researchers, it is not possible to confirm a congenital condition that microcephaly- reduction in brain development and result in abnormally small head and newborns with the Zika virus is a link between there.
Microcephaly in some areas of the US to the alarming increase in pregnant women and women becoming pregnant to postpone his visit to the affected areas to consider carefully the CDC and the Public Health Agency of Canada has the lead.