Before the invention of gunpowder, the skill of shooting an arrow using a bow was in the bygone ages a military weapon and also a hunting method. Mainly, it is confined now as a competitive sport used for target shooting.
A bow is a weapon that shoots arrows using the elasticity of the bow. Not to mention that the bow is also made of a strip of flexible material with a cord linking the two ends of the strip to provide tension from which is propelled the arrow which is a straight shaft with a sharp point on one end or have flints and usually with feathers attached to the other end.
The modern day ‘Target Archery‘ involves shooting arrows at a target from a pre-set distance. The only type of bow that is allowed to be used is a recurve bow. Held either outdoors or indoors are archery competitions. Indoor distances are 18 m and 25 m. Outdoor distances range from 30 m to 90m depending on the seniority and 70 m is being used in the Olympic Games. Depending on the type of round, the competition is divided into ends where an archer shoots either 3 or 6 arrows per end. While outdoor rounds generally involve more arrows per round, there are 20 ends of 3 arrows in a round for indoor competition. The competitors, at the end, walk up to the target to score and retrieve their arrows.
Targets are painted with 10 evenly spaced concentric rings, which have score values from 1 through 10 assigned to them. Also, the targets are colored as follows
For the outermost 1 ring and 2 ring. White is the color For the 3 ring and 4 ring. the color is black 3. 5 ring and 6 ring. blue is the color 7 ring & 8 ring the color is red For innermost 9 rings and 10 ring. gold is the color There is an innermost ring, sometimes called the 10X ring or the Bull’s-eye.
The score for each arrow depends upon where it hits on the target. The highest score, a ten, is awarded by shooting an arrow into the two inner most circles. Typically serving as a tiebreaker with most X’s winning is the bull’s-eye ring. Missing the rings on the target results in a zero score and in case of Line breaker where an arrow just touches a boundary line will be awarded the higher score. Tallied at the end of each round or volley of arrows by summing the scores for their arrows which are recorded on a score sheet are the scores.
Archers have a set time limit in which to shoot their arrows. For indoor competition is 2 minutes for 3 arrows. Signaling devices such as lights and flags prompt the archers when it’s time to shoot.