Health tips for Breast Cancer
“The results of breast ultrasound revealed education, suspicious for cancer“, “mammography results did not conclusively rule out a malignancy,” “biopsy showed the presence of cancerous changes in the breast and require advanced examination.” These are just some of the scariest words a woman can hear from your doctor. The mammary gland consists of three main types of tissues – fat, connective and glandular. Breast cancer (breast cancer) is called a malignant tumor that develops from the cells is glandular tissue. Contrary to popular belief, fall ill with breast cancer, both women and men, but in women it occurs much more frequently.
How does breast cancer
Breast cancer develops in the same way as any other malignant tumor in the body. One or more cell glandular tissue as a result of these mutations occurred in abnormally fast start sharing. Of these, form tumors that can invade nearby tissues and create secondary tumor foci (metastases). Most often, mammary tumors develop from cells of the mammary ducts – in this case, doctors say ductal breast cancer or ductal carcinoma. Quite often, malignant tumors grow from cells of the lobules of the breast, this type of cancer called invasive lobular carcinoma. It should be noted that tumor growth is possible from other cells and glandular tissue.
Causes and risk factors
Unfortunately, information on the causes of breast cancer scientists yet there is a list of risk factors that affect the likelihood of tumors, but some are diagnosed with the disease in the absence of these factors, while others remain healthy in the presence of many of them at once. However, scientists are also associated with the development of breast cancer with certain circumstances; most often is preceded by his appearance. These include: older age; the use of hormones; injury breast; a history of breast cancer cases; Diagnosed with breast cancer at some of the relatives; exposure to radiation, for example during radiation treatment administered to treat other types of cancer; excess weight; early onset of menstruation and late – menopause; no children or late (after 35 years), first birth; smoking and alcohol abuse; diabetes; work on schedule from the night shift. It is proved that the most common genetic causes of breast cancer are mutations in the genes BRCA1 and BRCA2. BRCA1 mutation carriers are at risk of breast cancer of 55-65%, and the bearer of BRCA2 – 45%
Symptoms of breast cancer
Quite often in the early stages of breast cancer are asymptomatic. But in some cases, signs indicating the presence of the disease are still there and can be overlooked. First, the symptoms of which should alert, include seals in the mammary glands, next to them or in the armpit. In 9 cases out of 10 seals can be benign, but it certainly can be set only on the examination, mammalogy. Independently verify the presence of nodules in the breast or any other change is once a month, at the end of menstruation. Home Diagnostics is most convenient to carry out, taking a bath or under the shower. Any changes that are able to detect, is as soon as possible to tell the doctor. Symptoms of breast cancer include:
Symptoms of breast cancer include:
Hardening of the skin of the skin retractions Land Erosion of the skin Redness of skin deformation Discharge from the nipple of the breast on the type of ripples swelling of the skin Heightening in size veins In drawing nipple breast symmetry breaking Symptom lemon peel palpable node in breast cancer 70% of breast cancers detected by patients on their own as a result of breast self-examination. If it is above symptoms, as well as any other changes in the mammary glands (for example, unusual or painful sensations) you should immediately consult a mammologist.