The 30 million-year-old Fossilized flowers can be toxic
#Cosmoread: Delicate, though potentially lethal, some 30 million years trapped in amber flower have been discovered, scientists report.
Asteroid fossil plants, almost one third of the world’s flowering plants is made. About 80,000 species fall under this classification clade, coffee trees, tomato plants, mint, basil and includes tobacco. Today, despite the ubiquity of asteroids, plant fossils found so far is any example, the researchers say.
Two flower specimens, which have been designated Strychnos power, deadly poisonous plants that make substances like strychnine and curare paralyzes have been used are the same as the genus.
“Almost all of any species of the genus Strychnos are toxic,” George Poinar Jr., an amber expert at Oregon State University, said in a statement. “Each plant has different effects with their own alkaloids. Some are more toxic than others, and it may be that they were successful because their venom offered some defense against herbivores.”
Strychnosplants Scientists have identified about 200 species. One of the best-known representatives of the genus Cuchilla, which can be taken
strychnine. Strychnine has been used in rat poison, but also has emerged as a weapon in Agatha Christie novels, and Norman Bates in Alfred Hitchcock used poison to kill his mother “Psycho.” Strychnine poisoning death of Alexander the Great also was proposed as a possible cause.
Curare poison -which tubocurarine, are extracted from the plant Strychnos toxifera – has a storied history as well. Hunter paralyzes blow darts in South America (English explorer Sir Walter Raleigh as early as the 16th century saw) used to make the poison. More recently, a muscle relaxer safe dose of poison as have been used in the medical field.
How toxic, it (if at all) the new search was Strychnos power is unclear. These two new flowers in the Dominican Republic today northern Cordillera mountain range 20000000-30000000 a few years ago in a steamy tropical forest were entombed in the sticky tree resin.
Amber, hardened tree resin, which is a small prehistoric life on earth is an important source of knowledge about. Especially in Dominican amber, scientists wasps, locusts, ticks, flies and beetles blood-sucking species is discovered in time suspended.