When most of us decide it\’s time to jump in with both feet and setup that freshwater aquarium we have always wanted, the first problem we encounter is how to start. We begin to second guess our decision, thinking it is going to be too hard, wondering can we really do this? Of course you can! And it\’s not as difficult to setup an aquarium as you might think; you just need to take it one step at a time.
It is not difficult to setup an aquarium as long as you believe that you can do it. All that you need to do is take it one step at a time. The basic thing that you will need is of course, an aquarium. It is better if you have bigger aquarium. You should also look for a place where you can place your aquarium. You should prepare for the equipments like filters, heaters, lights etc. Instead of buying new equipments, you can find secondhand in local newspaper ads, online auction sites and online ad listings. Aside from the basic, you must be familiar with the key components that will help you in setting up your freshwater aquarium.
Choosing the Substrate (that\’s the stuff you put on the bottom). Typically small to medium size gravel is what goes on the bottom of your aquarium; rock or sand, manmade or natural, there are many varieties to choose from. It\’s a vital part of your aquarium\’s biological filtration system, not to mention it spruces up the tank! For most applications, three inches in depth (roughly 2 pounds per gallon) ought to be enough. The numerous options available to you for beautifying your tank can be overwhelming, but don\’t panic, just consider the needs of your fish and let your individual artistic flare do the rest.
What to Consider for Your Filtration System. There is no aspect of your freshwater aquarium more fundamental than filtration. There are three types of filtration we must address in our aquarium setups that will have significant impacts on: a) the health of your fish and b) the time expended on maintenance. When it comes to the filtration system of your freshwater aquarium, you do not want to take any short cuts; scrimp here and you will be spending more than double the effort on maintenance later!
There are many filtration equipments that are available that will satisfy with the standard requirement of one unit, but you can always install more than one type just make sure to consider the following:
Proper filtration system is very essential in sustaining the cleanliness of your aquarium. Implementing this system will bring good health to your pet fish. You will also save time in cleaning. There are actually three types of filtration system for aquariums such as the mechanical, biological, and chemical filtration.
Biological filtration is the development of nitrifying bacteria colonies (the good guys) to break down the surplus food and fish waste; under gravel filters are one example.
Removing floating small pieces of substrates of beautification materials from the water is known as mechanical filtration. The best filter device for this is the power filter.
Heat your water. Fish do not produce their own body heat, so you need to provide a source of heat to them by heating the water. Always remember that the internal temperature of a fish is maintained by the water they live in.
There are two heater styles: immiscible and submersible. There are also other types that are for special application like planted tanks which are not common. There are two elements that will need to choose from considering the size of heater or wattage you will choose: the temperature requirements of the fish and the ambient room temperature where you place your aquarium.
A 20 gallon tank, most in standard calculation of 50 watts should raise the water temperature of 9 degrees above the room temperature.
Give light to fish. Most customary bulbs are used today are fluorescent and compact fluorescent. There are some who still use a screw type incandescent bulb that is when their aquarium is smaller. If you buy an aquarium and if it does not include a cover with built in light fixtures in it, then you need to buy one.
You can purchase standard bulbs as the artificial light for your aquarium. The bulb is either a fluorescent, incandescent, or a compact one.
When it comes to how many hours you should turn your lights on each day, a good rule of thumb for standard freshwater aquarium setups is 8-10 hours per day, more if you have live plants. If you are experiencing excessive algae growth, adjust the lighting period until you achieve a happy balance.
Normal aquarium setups requires to open the lights for almost 8 to 10 hours each day if does have natural plants. If you observe multiple productions of algae, try to adjust the lighting to have an equal distribution of light.
There are a lot of things that can introduce stress in your aquarium, sudden changes in water temperature or pH levels are two major contributors. Toxic buildups of ammonia or nitrites are two others that will swiftly raise stress to lethal levels.
There are four crucial parameters that need to be tested for about 2 to 4 times per month. These are the ph, ammonia, nitrite and nitrate. In new aquariums, it is vital that you will undergo the stages of cycling in testing ph, ammonia and nitrate daily. Take notes of the results and abnormalities you see in your aquarium. Always remember that knowing freshwater aquarium setup will make your work easier.
Don\’t take chances! Learn more effective techniques in choosing the best freshwater aquarium setup. Visit Kent Henry\’s website and grab a free copy of his mini course and the details on freshwater aquarium care guide.